Home News What is the ‘Jawahar Point’ on the Moon and its connection to Chandrayaan 1?

What is the ‘Jawahar Point’ on the Moon and its connection to Chandrayaan 1?

by khushahal vishwakarma
Chandrayaan 1

Prime Minister Modi has announced that the landing site of Chandrayaan-3 will be called ‘Shiv Shakti Point,’ and the crash site of Chandrayaan-2 will be named ‘Tricolor Point,’ with plans to celebrate it as ‘National Space Day’ on August 23.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi engaged in a conversation with ISRO scientists for the successful Chandrayaan-3 mission. He flew from Athens, the capital of Greece, directly to Bengaluru. During his speech, he announced the decision to name the place where the ‘Vikram’ lander touched down on the lunar surface as “Shiv Shakti Point.”

He also named the location where the Chandrayaan-2 lander had an accident on the Moon’s surface in 2019 as “Tricolor Point.” He addressed ISRO’s Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) team and further announced the celebration of “National Space Day” on August 23.

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What is Jawahar Point, and what is its connection to Chandrayaan 1?

Chandrayaan-1, India’s first mission to the Moon, was launched on October 22, 2008, from Sriharikota Spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. It carried 11 scientific instruments built in India, the United States, Britain, Germany, Sweden, and Bulgaria. The spacecraft orbited the Moon at an altitude of 100 km above its surface to conduct chemical, mineralogical, and photogeological mapping.

On November 14, 2008, the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) of Chandrayaan-1 landed on the lunar surface. As part of the MIP plan, an impact point near the South Pole of the Moon was chosen and named ‘Jawahar Point’ in honor of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, whose birthday fell on the same day.

As the major mission objectives were successfully completed, in May 2009, the orbit was increased to 200 km. The spacecraft completed more than 3,400 orbits around the Moon. The Chandrayaan-1 mission was prematurely terminated in August 2009 due to the communication failure with the spacecraft. The mission’s primary objective was to establish a non-human inhabited spacecraft in lunar orbit.

During the Chandrayaan-1 mission, in 2009, NASA’s instrument detected water on the Moon’s surface, as part of ISRO’s lunar exploration.

In the meantime, after PM Modi announced the names of Chandrayaan 2’s landing site and the crashed site of Chandrayaan 2, BJP spokesperson Shahzad Poonawalla wrote on a social media platform that if the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) had been in power, they wouldn’t have sent Chandrayaan 2 or 3, and if they did, the names would have been ‘Indira Point’ and ‘Rajiv Point’ after former Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

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